First coined in a 1939 issue of Arizona Highways, “The Five C’s”, defined by copper, cattle, cotton, citrus, and climate have played an integral role in the shaping of the social and physical landscape of the Valentine State. With the aid of these industries driving the economy during its settlement, the five C’s as a memory device was introduced into curriculum of Jr High level State History courses in the 1970’s and the legacy lives on in classrooms across the valley today.
Indexing of Industry, investigates Arizona’s relationship to these natural resources today, highlighting the transformative nature of each industry in towns with economies historically dependent on these resources as well as how they intersect with the social aspects of daily life in Arizona, mythology of the American west, and the volatile relationship to water each of these “C’s” share.
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