Phoenix Transect Project

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Contributor: All Contributors
Location: Gila Bend
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Year: All Years

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Contributor: Karina Benessaiah
Title: Pond technology
Description: Low shrimp prices in the early 2000s led the owners to experiment with algae production for biofuels.
Date: 2/2012
Location: Gila Bend
Keywords: Aquaculture, Energy, Water, All Images

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Contributor: Jason Roehner & Karina Benessaiah
Title: Main street (Pima St.) in Gila Bend, Az: 1960 and 2012
Description: At first glance, Gila Bend looks the same: a small town, centered around a central road, like so many other rural towns in Southwestern US. Finding the exact location for the rephoto proved to be particularly difficult. First, to take the picture, we had to stand in the middle of the road, which was probably less busy in the 1950-1960s than now. Second, our landmark- the Texaco sign- was misleadin
Date: 3/2012
Location: Gila Bend
Keywords: Archival Material, Rephotography, Roads, Urban, All Images

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Contributor: Jason Roehner & Karina Benessaiah
Title: Stout hotel
Description: The Stout hotel is one of the town’s landmarks. The widening of the highway in the 1950s led to a change in its façade.
Date: 3/2012
Location: Gila Bend
Keywords: Archival Material, Public Buildings, Public Space, Rephotography, Roads, Urban, All Images

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Contributor: Karina Benessaiah & Jason Roehner
Title: A change of main streets from Murphy St. to Pima St. (Gila Bend, AZ)
Description: The picture to the left represents a 1937 photograph of a railroad crossing in Gila Bend, AZ on United States Highway 80 (from the Arizona State Library, Archives and Public Records). At the time, the road adjacent to the railroad constituted the main street. A shift towards an automobile-based transport system in the 1950-1960s, led to a shifting of the main street to the North (picture to the ri
Date: 3/2012
Location: Gila Bend
Keywords: Archival Material, Roads, Urban, All Images

ContributorPhoto

Contributor: Jason Roehner & Karina Benessaiah
Title: Railroad crossing, town of Gila Bend
Description: The picture to the left depicts a 1937 photograph of the railroad crossing at US highway 80; the picture to the right depicts the same area in 2012.
Date: 3/2012
Location: Gila Bend
Keywords: Archival Material, Public Works, Rephotography, Roads, Transportation, Urban, All Images

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Contributor: Jason Roehner & Karina Benessaiah
Title: Train tracks, town of Gila Bend
Description: The railroad played an important role in the development of Gila Bend since the 1880s, a decade after the town's creation, when a refueling station was created. Copper from Ajo would be vehiculated through Gila Bend in direction of Phoenix and other cities.
Date: 3/2012
Location: Gila Bend
Keywords: Archival Material, Public Buildings, Rephotography, Roads, Transportation, Urban, All Images

ContributorPhoto

Contributor: Karina Benessaiah & Jason Roehner
Photographer: Arizona State Library Archives and Public Records
Title: Railroad crossings, Murphy St. (1937 and 2012)
Description: The rise of the automobile as well as technological changes which increased train's fueling autonomy led to a gradual decline of the Gila Bend refueling station which closed in 1971.
Date: 3/2012
Location: Gila Bend
Keywords: Archival Material, Rephotography, Roads, Urban, All Images

ContributorPhoto

Contributor: Karina Benessaiah
Photographer: Allain Barnett
Title: Field waves
Description: This photograph was taken by Allain Barnett during the initial scoping out of the Gila Bend area along Old route 80.
Date: 2/2012
Location: Gila Bend
Keywords: Agriculture, All Images

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Contributor: Karina Benessaiah
Title: Cotton
Description:
Date: 3/2012
Location: Gila Bend
Keywords: Agriculture, Roads, All Images

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Contributor: Karina Benessaiah
Title: Shrimp van
Description: Desert sweet started producing shrimp in 1995, mostly for local consumption in the Phoenix area.
Date: 2/2012
Location: Gila Bend
Keywords: Aquaculture, Commercial, Development, All Images

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Contributor: Karina Benessaiah
Title: Life aquatic in the desert
Description: Desert Sweet Shrimp is an iconic aquaculture farm located close to Gila Bend on old Route 80.
Date: 2/2012
Location: Gila Bend
Keywords: Aquaculture, Roads, All Images

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Contributor: Karina Benessaiah
Title: Water pipes
Description: Water is drawn from underground wells and then re-used in nearby agricultural fields
Date: 2/2012
Location: Gila Bend
Keywords: Agriculture, Aquaculture, Water, All Images

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Contributor: Karina Benessaiah
Title: Fence
Description: Entryway to desert sweep shrimp
Date: 2/2012
Location: Gila Bend
Keywords: Aquaculture, Artifact, Roads, All Images

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Contributor: Jason Roehner & Karina Benessaiah
Title: A town steeped in solar- Solana solar field (280MW)
Description: In 2010, the town of Gila Bend adopted the Solar Field Overlay Zone (SFOZ) ordinance to facilitate the establishment of solar projects in the region. This ordinance expedites the processing of solar projects getting approval within 2-3 months as opposed to the usual two years and more processing time.
Date: 3/2012
Location: Gila Bend
Keywords: Development, Energy, Panorama, All Images

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Contributor: Jason Roehner & Karina Benessaiah
Photographer: Ed Gunthers
Title: Solana- concentrating solar power
Description: The solana project developed by spanish cie Abengoa Solar Inc. will be the largest solar power plant in operation today, meeting the needs of an estimated 70,000 households in Arizona and nearby California. The solar plant will occupy ~ 770 ha of former agricultural land.
Date: 3/2012
Location: Gila Bend
Keywords: Energy, Rephotography, All Images

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Contributor: Jason Roehner & Karina Benessaiah
Photographer: Ed Gunthers
Title: Solana- concentrating solar power
Description: Unlike a photovoltaic solar plant, which uses sunlight to produce electricity, Solana's concentrating solar power uses the sun’s heat. According to APS "large thermos-like buildings containing molten salt will be located next to the steam boilers. At select times, instead of immediately creating steam, the heat transfer fluid will heat the molten salt. Then, if electricity is needed when the sun
Date: 3/2012
Location: Gila Bend
Keywords: Energy, Rephotography, Water, All Images

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Contributor: Karina Benessaiah
Title: From agriculture to solar
Description: Water consumption is a major sustainability issue for energy production systems. The 2006 report to the Congress on the Interdependency of Energy and Water estimated that "a coal fired plant uses 110 to 300 gallons per megawatt hour; a nuclear plant uses between 500 and 1100 gallons/MWh; and a solar parabolic trough plant uses 760 -920 gallons/MWh".
Date: 3/2012
Location: Gila Bend
Keywords: Agriculture, Development, Energy, Panorama, Water, All Images

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Contributor: Karina Benessaiah
Title: Photovoltaic solar station | Paloma solar facility
Description: The Paloma solar facility is one of five solar plants currently under development by APS’ AZ Sun program. APS will finance and own 100 megawatts of solar photovoltaic power plants in Arizona, to be completed in 2014. The 17-megawatt thin-film Paloma solar facility in Gila Bend, Arizona, was “the fastest the industry has ever witnessed, to our knowledge, anywhere" (Greentech Solar, April 2012)
Date: 2/2012
Location: Gila Bend
Keywords: Energy, All Images

ContributorPhoto

Contributor: Karina Benessaiah
Title: Paloma or cotton centre solar station, old route 80, Gila Bend
Description:
Date: 2/2012
Location: Gila Bend
Keywords: Energy, All Images

ContributorPhoto

Contributor: Jason Roehner & Karina Benessaiah
Title: Another type of border | Solana solar project
Description: The sheer scale of the Solna solar project is astounding yet this development is one in many. According to Greentech solar (April 2012), there are at least another 17 projects waiting for approval in the Gila Bend region. The town is now looking for opportunities to export its energy production to California; a plan that requires investing into new infrastructure such as transmission lines.
Date: 3/2012
Location: Gila Bend
Keywords: Development, Energy, All Images

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Contributor: Karina Benessaiah
Title: Danger sign, Paloma Solar station
Description:
Date: 2/2012
Location: Gila Bend
Keywords: Energy, All Images

ContributorPhoto

Contributor: Karina Benessaiah
Title: Shrimp pond entrance
Description: Panorama of the shrimp pond entrance
Date: 2/2012
Location: Gila Bend
Keywords: Agriculture, Aquaculture, Panorama, Roads, All Images

ContributorPhoto

Contributor: Karina Benessaiah
Title: Solar fence
Description: Fence protecting the Paloma solar field
Date: 2/2012
Location: Gila Bend
Keywords: Border, Energy, All Images

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